Burns are usually the result of exposure to hot substances, chemical spillage, radiation, and friction. Chemicals that can trigger scalding are those considered as an extreme base or acid. These chemicals are associated with extremely low or extremely high pH levels. UV lights can also cause burns. X ray therapy and chemotherapy for cancer patients could melt layers of skin with frequent exposure. Heat, on the other hand, is a common factor that could lead to skin burning. It is not uncommon for a person to experience burning of one’s skin from heat at least once in his/her life. Burn injuries vary in degree, depending on the level and the layer of skin that was affected. It is, therefore, vital to know the basic and common home remedies for burns as first resorts for treatment.
There are four classifications of burn injuries. As mentioned earlier, burn trauma classification would depend on the layer of the skin affected. First degree burns usually damage only the outermost layer of the skin. First degree burns only affect the epidermis and symptomatically are red, sore, and sensitive to the touch.
Second degree burns are associated with damage to a deeper layer called the dermis. Most of the time, it appears red with blisters and searing pain in the damaged spot.
Third degree burns happen when the trauma involves the deepest layer of the dermis. The damaged spot may appear white. Also, the affected part could feel numb due to damaged nerves.
When the damage affects not only the dermis and the epidermis but penetrates the subcutaneous fat layer of our skin, then it is designated as fourth degree burn. This trauma occurs with ravaged nerves and blood vessels. This is the worst level of skin damage for a burn injury.
With first and second degree burns, it is recommended to resort to home remedies since they are cheap and the necessary ingredients for medication are readily available. Home remedies can provide immediate relief and cure for less serious burn related damage.
The immediate remedy for relief from burns is ice. This could reduce and prevent swelling in the affected part of the body. Just apply an ice bag to the affected area for 15-30 minutes for best results.
Applying honey to the burnt area could help clear out burn injuries. Apply it after washing the spot with icy water.
Lavender oil is commonly used to heal burn wounds. It is believed that this oil could make healing faster.
Vitamin E is a vitamin that has proved to give the skin glow and health. An application of this nutrient in a dried wound could help prevent scar formation from a burn wound.
The most well known and widely used cure for minor burns is toothpaste. This fluoride rich chemical works its wonder by reducing the pain associated with burns and preventing formation of ugly scars by reducing swelling in the affected spot.
Protein from egg whites has proven to be an effective medication for burn scars. This nutrient is considered a helpful remedy to speed up healing of a damaged spot.
Vitamin E is a common ally of the skin that promotes growth and recuperation in cases of skin trauma. Just take an apt amount of vitamin E everyday for healthy and glowing skin.
Lastly, water is necessary for fast recovery from burn wounds. Take in enough water to keep the skin hydrated, thus preventing further skin lacerations from a burn affected spot.
In cases of a higher degree burn wound, it is imperative to consult with a doctor to prevent infection and other complications that could result from a serious burn. Home remedies for burns would not be enough for these cases.